WordPress: The first steps with the CMS
Anyone can create their own blog, website or shop thanks to WordPress. Programming knowledge is not necessary, because the website can be accessed via a user-friendly interface design. Nevertheless, a few steps are necessary to design your own website the way you want it to be. In addition, the processes for creating contributions first have to be learned. The following WordPress tutorial in German explains, which tasks have to be completed at the beginningso that you can fill your own website with content.
Getting started with WordPress: installation and login
You have decided on a provider and a domain and have all the important information, e.g. B. to the name and password of the database. Then install WordPress. You have several options for the installation: STRATO offers its customers WordPress & co ea big help. You start it with your customer login and you will be guided through the short installation process. You can then log in via the WP login page (this is the URL of your website, to which you add “/wp-login.php” in the address bar of the browser, e.g. example.org/wp-login. php) with the credentials you specified during installation. Then you get to the admin area of WordPress.
But also without an assistant the famous 5-minute WordPress installation is possible. For this, however, you need basic knowledge of server technology, must have FTP access and must not be afraid to work with the database
The WordPress dashboard
In the clear dashboard you will find all functions together. You can control any area you want to edit, whether it’s individual posts, your site’s design, or general settings. Behind each menu item there are also several sub-items. Get an overview at the beginningwhat possibilities WordPress offers you.
The WordPress dashboard
Check the settings
A look at the “Settings” is at the beginning of this WordPress tutorial. In addition to the general settings – such as those for the language – you can also Articles, media, comments etc. configure. For example, you can specify whether visitors to the website have to log in to write comments. Go through all the points here at least once at the beginning of your work as an admin of a website or blog.
The menu for making settings for the WordPress website
Choose a theme
The design of your website is determined by themes. In the corresponding menu item you can choose a design from the large selection of provided WordPress themes select and install. Even changing the design of your website at a later date is no problem, because appearance and content are separate. The content remains the same when you change themes and is simply inserted into the new layout. If you want to take a closer look at the individual customization options for the design of the website, you will find many helpful tips and instructions on the Internet. For starters, all you have to do is choose the theme that you like the most and that fits the content of your website. Click a theme, then click Activate. In this way you can take your time to see if you actually like the theme.
Choose a theme for WordPress
Create pages and posts
Broadly speaking, your website consists of pages and posts. Pages are often used for static content, such as the imprint, “About us”, directions and other information that visitors should be able to access at any time. Posts, on the other hand, are automatically displayed in chronological order. Posts can be assigned to one or more categories. This works on a WordPress website Creating pages and posts is basically the same. An editor is available for both types of content. This is based on the so-called blocks: There are blocks for paragraphs, headings, tables and images, among other things. Click the “+” icon in the top left to select and insert a block.
The WP Editor for creating new pages
Set up navigation on your website
In order to organize the pages into a hierarchy and integrate them into the pages menu on your website, you need to go to the “Design” -> “Menus” item. There you can Add created pages to the menu structure. Via drag and drop arrange the elements – also as sub-items. Static websites, such as a company’s website, mainly use pages. A blog, on the other hand, will consist almost entirely of posts. Here it makes sense to add categories to the menu structure.
Compose a menu structure in WordPress
Familiarize yourself with plug-ins
are plugins small extensions for WordPress. For example, you can use them to add buttons to the editor in the admin area, or they offer help with backup. In general, plugins do a lot of work for you and enable numerous things that are not possible with WordPress. You can browse the extensive archive of WP plugins in the WordPress admin area under “Plugins” -> “Install” to get a feel for what extensions are available and what they can do.
The WordPress plugin archive in the admin panel
Select useful widgets
Widgets are small blocks of content that you can place in the sidebar, header, or footer. A widget usually only takes on a single function and integrates e.g. Legs search function or shows one Preview the latest posts on the website. With the Widget Logic you can in turn determine whether a widget should appear on every subpage in the sidebar or only on certain pages.
Selection of widgets for the footer of the website
You can find help and tips here
Especially at the beginning, when working with WordPress, questions arise again and again. One short internet search usually brings quick help. There is no integrated help directly in the WP backend, but there are helpful links. Just hover over the WordPress logo in the top left corner:
- On WordPress.org you will not only find the latest WordPress version, but also many helpful articles and tips.
- The “Documentation” section takes you to codex.wordpress.org, an important contact point, especially for those who are involved in the detailed editing and customization of WordPress and e.g. B. want to create child themes. Tips for installation and explanations of the most important functions can also be found there.
- In the German-language support forums you can get help from many other WordPress users and ask questions on any topic.
- However, especially with more complex questions, English-language forums are sometimes more extensive because the community is larger.
Helpful links in the backend of WordPress
The WordPress homepage is created: what comes next?
Now that you have the basic structure in place and you are familiar with the functions of WordPress, there are many other things that you can take care of. At the end of this WordPress tutorial, three more topics should therefore be mentioned that you should also find out about after launching your WP website.
You should take the protection of your internet presence seriously right from the start. Ensure adequate security measures. That starts with choosing one secure password at. Plugins help protect your website. There are many extensions that provide features such as limiting login attempts before access is blocked. This means that hackers hardly have a chance of guessing the password just by trying it out. For comprehensive protection, however, it is worth it Installation of a security plug-inwhich fulfills several functions at the same time, for example Wordfence Security.
Keep an eye on the loading speed
Plug-ins are practical helpers. However, over time, too many plug-ins installed will result in your website being downright overloaded. However, a long loading time can loss of new readers mean. So, find out what to look out for from the start so that load time doesn’t become an issue in the first place. frequent Causes of a slow website are for example:
image files too large
very complex themes with many effects
too many activated plug-ins
bad code quality
search engine optimization
You should also not put off the topic of search engine optimization for too long so that your website has a chance of being found by interested readers. Inform yourself, what is important in search engine optimization. Plug-ins also offer help in this area. A very popular and extensive SEO plugin is YoastSEO. It gives many tips and provides additional SEO functions.
In short: Tutorial on WordPress and the first steps
- After installing and logging in, one of the first things to do should be Look in the settings your WordPress website.
- Choose a theme to do this design of your website to set.
- Then create the first pages and integrate them in the menu structure.
- If you want to create posts for your WordPress website as a priority, also add categories in the menu a.
- Join us Plugins and Widgets trusted.
- If you have problems, see helpful links in the backend behind the WP logo in the top left corner.